Educational Articles

  • Feline chlamydial conjunctivitis, or chlamydophila (previously known as feline pneumonitis) is an infection caused by a bacterial organism called Chlamydophila felis (previously known as Chlamydia psittaci [feline strain]). Although the term pneumonitis implies inflammation of the lungs, the most common symptoms of C. felis infection involve the eyes or the upper respiratory tract (nose or throat), and only when infection is not treated does it spread to the lungs.

  • Chlorambucil is used to suppress the immune system and to treat abnormal tissue growth that may be either benign or cancerous. Examples of conditions the drug may be used for include lymphocytic leukemia, multiple myeloma, glomerulonephritis, non-erosive arthritis, immune-mediated skin disease, feline pemphigus foliaceous and severe feline eosinophilic granuloma complex.

  • Chlorothiazide and hydrochlorothiazide are diuretics. They are used to help reduce the amount of water in the pet’s body by increasing the flow of urine. These medications are also used to treat high blood pressure by decreasing the workload of the heart and arteries.

  • Chlorpheniramine maleate is an antihistamine. Antihistamines are used to relieve or prevent the symptoms of allergy. Your veterinarian may prescribe this medication to prevent itching in dogs and cats. It may also be beneficial for managing cats that excessively groom themselves.

  • Chlorpromazine is primarily used to prevent vomiting. Your veterinarian may prescribe chlorpromazine to treat other conditions.

  • Cholangitis is a term referring to inflammation of the bile duct. Cholangiohepatitis means inflammation of the bile ducts, gall bladder, and surrounding liver tissue.

  • Choline is a vitamin supplement that is present in several forms, including phosphatidylcholine (PC). The medicinal effects of choline are presumed to be caused by phosphatidylcholine.

  • Chondroitin sulfate is the major glycosaminoglycan (GAGS - see separate article found in this series) found in cartilage. It promotes water retention and elasticity in the cartilage, helping to ensure adequate shock absorption and adequate nourishment of the tissues that line the joint.

  • The upper respiratory tract includes the nose, the throat (pharynx and larynx), and the trachea (windpipe). The term "chronic" means “long lasting.” When clinical signs of upper respiratory tract inflammation, such as sneezing or nasal and ocular (eye) discharge, persist over weeks or months, or when they tend to recur at intervals of a few weeks, this is referred to as Chronic Upper Respiratory Tract Disease.

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a long-term inflammatory condition that affects the pulmonary or respiratory system. This condition is irreversible and is slowly progressive. This condition may also be known as "chronic bronchitis".

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Wednesday7:30am – 7:30pm
Thursday7:30am – 7:30pm
Friday7:30am – 7:30pm
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Sunday5:00pm – 6:00pm

The telephone number at the Emergency Veterinary Clinic is 905-495-9907.