Educational Articles

Medications

  • Idoxuridine (brand name Dendrid®, Herplex®) is an antiviral topical medication used to treat viral infections of the eye, such as herpesvirus-1 in cats. Idoxuridine comes as eye drops, or can be compounded by your veterinarian into an eye ointment. Your veterinarian will provide specific instructions for your cat. Side effects of idoxuridine include eye irritation. Pregnant women should NOT handle this medication.

  • Imidacloprid is a topical insecticidal agent prescribed by your veterinarian to treat fleas in dogs and cats.

  • Imidocarb dipropionate (brand name Imizol®) is a drug used to treat infections caused by protozoa. For example, it is used to treat the infection babesiosis in dogs. This infection is caused by the protozoa Babesia which is transferred to pets from tick bites. Your veterinarian will give this drug by injection.

  • Imipramine is a tricyclic antidepressant. It may be used in dogs for the treatment of abrupt attacks of muscular weakness and/or diminished skeletal muscle control triggered by emotional stimuli such as anger and fear, separation anxiety, lick granuloma and urinary incontinence.

  • Insulin is a hormone that helps the body turn the food your pet eats into energy. Insulin works by allowing sugar to pass from the blood into the body's cells to make fat, sugar and protein. Without insulin, sugar cannot get into the body's cells. Insulin works whether the body makes its own insulin or if it is given by injection. Insulin is given when the pet has diabetes.

  • Insulin glargine is a long-acting insulin used in cats with diabetes mellitus to help regulate blood sugar.

  • Interferon alfa-2a is used to alleviate the clinical effects of certain viral diseases. It has been used to control the symptoms of non-neoplastic feline leukemia virus and ocular herpes infections in cats. It may also be used to treat certain cancers in dogs and cats.

  • Itraconazole is an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections in your pet. There may be other conditions for which your veterinarian may prescribe this medication.

  • Ivermectin is used as an intestinal de-wormer and as a preventative for heartworm. It may also be used to treat various types of mites.

  • Kaolin and pectin are used to treat diarrhea. They may also be used to relieve the symptoms of an upset stomach and nausea. Occasionally this medication may be used as an adsorbent (a substance to minimize absorption) if the pet has ingested certain toxins.